Resistance coalesced around , emergency ad hoc governments.
From 1546 to 1547 worked in among the peoples of , , and , and laid the foundations for the Christian religion there.
The and Spanish cities in the African mainland are considered an equal part of Spain and the but have a different tax system.
The Spanish Bourbons 1700—1808 r.
New York: Palgrave Macmillan 2008.
This Treaty clause, secured by Portuguese naval successes off Africa during an otherwise unsuccessful war, eliminated the only serious rival.